Swadesh list for Toki Pona

Some words are rated R.  Many words take a phrase to build up and after you built it, you can’t find a place to plug it on account of not having subordinate clauses.  Generating multi-word verbs is still a black art.

I – mi

you (singular) – sina

he – ona

we – mi, mi mute, mi ale

you (plural)- sina, sina mute, sina ale, sina suli (in the indo-european sense of honorific-you)

they- ona mute

this- ni

that – ni ante

here – ma ni, ni

there – ni ante (?)

who – seme, jan seme

what – seme, ijo seme

where -seme, ma seme

when- seme, tenpo seme

how- seme, kepeken seme

not – ale, ali

all – ala

many- mute

some – ale mute

few- lili,  nanpa lili

other- ante

one – wan

two – tu

three – tu wan

four – tu tu

five – luka, tu tu wan

big – suli, mute

long – linja mute (?)

wide – mute, lipu mute

thick – mute

heavy – mute

small – lili

short – lili

narrow – lili

thin – linja lili

woman – meli

man (adult male) – meji

Man (human being) – jan

child – jan lili

wife – meli

husband – meji

mother – jan mam meli

father – jan mama meji

animal- soweli, akesi

fish – kala, li kala, li pali kala, li pali e kali

bird – waso

dog – soweli

louse – pipi, pipi lili, pipi lili pi linja lawa

snake – akesi linja

worm – akesi linja pi ko ma

tree – kasi suli

forest – kasi suli pi nanpa mute

stick – palisa, li wan lon lipu (like glue)

fruit – kili, li pana e kili

seed – unpa pi pan kasi, li pana e kasi sin

leaf – lipu kasi, li pana e lipu kasi

root – noka kasi, li alisa anpa kasi suli

bark – selo pi kasi suli, li toki sama soweli pi tomo jan

flower- ilo unpa pi kasi kule, li pana e ilo unpa pi kasi kuli

grass – kasi linja laso jelo, ijo nasa pi kasi lipu nasa

rope- linja, li kama jo kepeken linja

skin- selo, selo jan, li weka e selo soweli

meat – moku pi soweli moli

blood – telo loje, telo loje pi sijelo insa

bone – kiwen pi sitelen insa, li unpa

fat (n.) – moku pi wawa mute, ilo poka pi sijelo insa

egg – poki walo

horn- ilo utala pi lawa akesi

tail – linja monsi

feather- ilo tawa pi sijelo walo

hair – linja, linja lawa

head- lawa

ear- kute

eye- oko, li lukin

nose- nena sinpin, li pilin kepeken nena sinpin (to touch/feel with the nose)

mouth- uta, uta lawa, uta sinpin,  li pilin kepeken uta sinpin

tooth- kiwen pi uta lawa, kiwen walo pi uta lawa

tongue- ilo toki pi uta lawa

fingernail- ilo kepeken ala pi luka jan

foot – noka, pini noka

leg – noka

knee- noka insa, li utala kepeken noka insa

hand- pini luka, li pana

wing – luka walo, li pali kepeken sona ala (to wing it)

belly- sijelo insa

guts- ilo jaki pi sijelo insa

neck- anpa  lawa,  li unpa kepeken uta lon anpa lawa  (to neck)

back- monsi, monsi sewi,  li pana e mani tawa esun (to back an enterprise)

breast- neni, neni meli, sinpin pi sijelo meji

heart- insa, ilo tawa pi telo loje pi sijelo insa

liver- ilo pi kepeken sona ala pi sijelo insa

drink- li moku (verb), telo (noun)

eat- li moku

bite- li moku

suck- moku kin e kon, moku kin e telo

spit- li pana e telo tan uta (?)

vomit- li pana e moku tan uta (?)

blow- li pana e kon tan uta (?), li unpa e palisa meji kepeken uta sinpin

breathe- li moku e kon

laugh- li a a a, li toki e a a a,

see- li lukin

hear- li kute

know- li sona

think- li sona

smell- li sona e kon

fear- li pilin wili ala ???

sleep- li lape

live- li lon, li ali (but even though “li ali” is/was in the cannon, if find in hard to read)

die- li moli, intransitive

kill- li moli e (somthing), transitive

fight- utala

hunt- alasa

hit- ??

cut- li weka

split- li tu

stab- li pakala kepeken palisa

scratch- li pana e linja kepeken ilo

dig- li uta, li pali e uta, li pana e uta

swim- li tawa lon telo

fly (v.)- li tawa kepeken ilo waso

walk- li tawa

come- li kama

lie- li kama e sijelo lon ma

sit- li kama e monsi lon ma

stand- li kama ala (not go anwhere), ??? (stand on two feet)

turn- ??

fall- ??

give- li pana

hold- li jo

squeeze- li jo kin kepeken luka

rub- ??

wash- li telo

wipe- li telo kepeken len

pull- ??

push- ??

throw- li weka

tie – li kama awen kepeken linja

sew- li pali kepeken linja len, li kama awen kepeken linja len,

count- li toki e nanpa

say- li toki

sing- li toki musi

play- li musi

float- li tawa sewi telo

flow- li tawa, li tawa sama telo

freeze- li lete, li lete pini

swell- li pona e sijelo

sun- suno

moon- mun

star- suno pi ma ante

water- telo

rain- telo pi sewi laso, telo lili pi suli laso, telo oko pi jan sewi, telo jaki pi jan sewi

river- telo linja

lake- telo pi ma uta, telo tawa ala pi ma uta

sea- telo mute, telo suli

salt- ijo walo pi telo suli

stone- kiwen, li kiwen

sand- kiwen lili lili

dust- kiwen jaki lili lili

earth- ma, ma suli

cloud- kon, kon telo, kon telo walo

fog- kon telo pi kule mun

sky- suli laso

wind- kon, kon tawa

snow- kiwen telo pi suli laso, kiwen pi telo jelo pi jan suli

ice- kiwen telo

smoke- kon pimeja, li moku e palisi moli

fire – seli, li seli

ashes- ilo pi kule mun pi seli moli

burn- li pakala kepeken seli

road- nasin, linja tawa

mountain- ma neni

red- loje

green- laso jelo / jelo laso

yellow- jelo

white- walo

black- pimeja

night- tenpo pimeja, tenpo pi suno ala, tenpo mun

day- tenpo suno

year- tenpo pi suno sike

warm- li seli

cold- lape

full- ???

new- sin

old- sin ala

good- pona

bad- ike

rotten- moku kepeken akesi mute lili lili

dirty- jaki

straight- ???,  unpa ante

round- sike

sharp- sama ilo sin pi kama tu

dull- sama ilo pakala pi kama tu

smooth- sama lipu

wet- kepeken telo lon selo

dry- li jo ala e telo

correct- pona, li pona

near- lon ni

far- lon ni ala

right-  luka ante (if you can’t tell anyhow), poka mi/poka sina (e.g. if in a car), nasin pi jan mani

left- luka ante  (if you can’t tell anyhow), poka mi/poka sina (e.g. if in a car), nasin pi jan pali

at- lon (but varies depending on grammatical construction)

in- lon (but varies depending on grammatical construction)

with- kepeken (but varies depending on grammatical construction)

and- en (but varies depending on grammatical construction)

if- la  (but varies depending on grammatical construction)

because- tan  (but varies depending on grammatical construction)

name- nimi, nimi ilo, nimi jan, nimi toki, etc.

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