Toki Pona: Thesaurus

This is incomplete. Each toki pona word can have many meanings, there might be a different synonymous noun or verb phrase for each, especially for different parts of speech. Some synonyms would really be alternative grammatical forms for expressing the same semantic meaning–I’ll do those later. Numbers, pronouns, grammatical particles, prepositions, conjunctions do not have obvious lexical synonyms.

I tried not to create synonyms that used the word as part of the synonym. This time around I was looking for phrases that could replace the word in a sentence. Some of these synonyms are no better than the main word, sometimes though they have a narrower meaning than the main word, so they could help reduce ambiguity.

A good chunk of these are [word] + ala patterns, which I’m not sure are very useful, except if you are looking for antonyms.

  • a – mu jan, kalama jan
  • akesi- suweli ike
  • ala – mute ala en wan ala (not many, not one)
  • ale, ali -
  • anpa – ante ala
  • ante – anpa ala
  • anu – en ala
  • awen – tawa (wait/go) weka (keep/get rid of)
  • e – not applicable
  • en – anu ala
  • ijo – ?
  • ike – pona ala, suwi ala
  • ilo – kepeken e ijo (use something)
  • insa -selo ala
  • jaki – pona ala mute, suwi ala mute
  • jan – suweli
  • jelo – suno kule (sun colored)
  • jo – kama pini (got, obtained)
  • kala – akesi telo, suweli telo (animals of the water)
  • kalama – mu ijo (the noise made by inanimate things), mu jan
  • kama – tawa e ni (go to here)
  • kasi – akesi jelo laso (green creature)
  • ken – ?
  • kepeken-?
  • kili – kala moku (edible plant)
  • kin – n/a
  • kiwen – ma wan lili (little part of earth)
  • ko – ?
  • kon – ? ma en telo ala (not land or water)
  • kule- jelo en kule en waso en laso en pimeja
  • kute – pilin e kalama (sense the sound)
  • kulupu – jan pona mute (many friends)
  • la — n/a
  • lape – pali ala
  • laso -??
  • lawa- seji jan (top of person)
  • len – ilo pi seli jan (personal heating device)
  • lete – pali ala
  • li – n/a
  • lili- suli ala (not big) sewi ala (not important)
  • linja – palisa lili (skinny stick)
  • lipu- ?
  • loje – kule [foo] (where [foo] is typically red item)
  • lon- ?
  • luka – noka sinpin (front legs)
  • lukin – kepeken e oko (use the eyes)
  • lupa – uta sijelo (mouth of the body)
  • ma – kon ala (not sky)
  • mama – tan jan (origin of person)
  • mani – ilo pana (device of transfer/giving)
  • meli – mije ala
  • mi -?
  • mije – meli ala
  • moku – kepeken e uta (use the mouth)
  • moli – awen ala
  • monsi – sinpin ala (not front)
  • mu – akesi toki/suweli toki
  • mun – suno pi pimeja tenpo
  • musi -?
  • mute – wan ala
  • nanpa – wan anu tu
  • nasa – ?
  • nasin- pilin ilo (way of thinking about something), linja tawa (line of going)
  • nena- lipu ala (not flat)
  • ni – n/a
  • nimi – ?
  • noka – luka monsi (rear arms)
  • o – not applicable
  • oko – lukin ilo
  • olin – wili jan
  • ona – not applicable
  • open- pini ala (not finshed, not closed)
  • pakala – pona ala (un-mend)
  • pali – lape ala
  • palisa – linja suli (fat line)
  • pana – weka e ijo
  • pi – not applicable
  • pilin – kepeken e lawa
  • pimeja – walo ala (not white)
  • pini- open ala (not started)
  • pipi- akesi lili
  • poka- tomo ijo (room for things, container for things)
  • poki- ??
  • pona- ike ala, (not bad)
  • sama – ante ala (not different)
  • seli – lete ala
  • selo- insa ala (not inside)
  • seme -n/a
  • sewi- lili ala (not small), ike (evil)
  • sijelo- ?
  • sike- selo suno (sun shaped), selo mun (moon shaped)
  • sin- ?
  • sina- n/a
  • sinpin – monsi ala (not the back)
  • sitelen- toki kepeken lipu (speaking with pages)
  • sona- ?
  • soweli- suwi akesi (cute beast)
  • suli- lili ala (not small)
  • suno- mun pi tempo seli (moon of warm time)
  • supa- ?
  • suwi- ? moku ike ala (not bad tasting)
  • tan- ?
  • taso – n/a
  • tawa -?
  • telo – ma ala (not land)
  • tenpo – nanpa sike (numer of cycles)
  • toki – kalama jan, mu jan
  • tomo- poki jan (box for people)
  • tu – wan en wan (one and one)
  • unpa- olin sijelo (physical love)
  • uta- lupa lawa, lupa moku (head opening, food opening)
  • utala – ?
  • walo – kule mun (moon colored), pimeja ala
  • wan – ?
  • waso- suweli kon, akesi kon (animals of the sky)
  • wawa-?
  • weka-?
  • wile- olin ijo (love of things)

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