Using FourSquare to (softly) Advocate for V*gan Restaurants

So I’m kind of bummed out by typical vegan advocacy on Twitter & Facebook:

Shop of horrors memes
Logical argument memes
Preaching to the choir
Pointless arguments with people unlikely to go veg

Foursquare is a venue where you can do “bellweather” advocacy. A bellweather is a sheep that leads the flock around, but if you weren’t paying attention, you wouldn’t notice and maybe the sheep don’t notice who the bellweather is either.

Foursquare has two parts, Foursquare and Swarm.  Foursquare is a restaurant directory like Yelp. I use it constantly when I travel or when I’m looking for new restaurants at home.

Swarm is a way to keep track of your real life friends checking in at restaurants– it creates more opportunities for serendipity. Unlike facebook, odds are your real life friends don’t use Swarm. But if they do, why not, at least it shows your friends you haven’t fallen off the wagen with respect to vegetarianism.

Follow Vegetarians
You can find them by looking for tips on vegetarians restaurants.

If you follow vegetarians, their endorsements shows up on all the search results when you search for a restaurant. If people follow you back, they will see all your endorsements of your favorite vegetarian restaurants.

Rate Vegetarian Restaurants
Non-vegetarians will go to a vegetarian restaurant if it has a good reputation.

Leave Vegetarian Tips
If you know how to goose a given restaurant into being vegetarian friendly, leave the tip. Most restaurateurs (or front line staff) are unaware of what vegetarianism is or what the point is. Learning the magical words necessary to goose them into compliance is gold. As vegetarians, we’ve all heard about the vegan who aggressively tells the waitress and chef how to cook vegan items that aren’t on the menu. But if you are them, what the magic word is to get them to leave off the f*ning cheese is a life saver. Does it work better to tell them you have a dairy allergy?

Mark your account as vegetarian.
It’s a checkbox in the profile. It seems to be used to improve recommendations & all restaurant profiles start to show “x out of y vegetarians like this place”

Nonauthoritative discussion of how to do discussion with Robert’s Rules

A key principle in Roberts Rules is that people can’t just talk when they feel like it.

1) At ease (meeting on hold, talk amongst yourselves)– this is for when Chair is consulting, looking up rules. Also for meeting breaks.
2) Talking with out pending motion (at chair’s sufferance or until point of order at which point a motion *must be made* or stop talking)
3) Move to read a document (“right to read”), member asks permission of assembly to read something
4) Officer and committee reports (opportunity to just talk, usually on regular agenda & favors officers, committees)
5) Guest reports  (opportunity for just anyone to talk like officers do.)
6) Small board rules (no limits on debate, may interrupt, other things)
7) Committee rules. (no limits on debate) May talk without a motion pending, in fact, if the whole point of a committee is to come up with a motion no motion will be pending. Also, if the point of a committee is to merely report, then again, no motion would be pending.
8) (Quasi) Committee of the whole (whole assembly/board acts as a committee temporarily). Ends as soon as a motion is adopted/ready to make a motion. (Quasi means chair stays the same)
9) Informal consideration (similar to small board rules, except still requires a motion to be under consideration?) Wikipedia says same as usual except no limit on # of times someone can speak to a topic. This is not as lax as the name sounds.
10) “Informal consultation to assist the framing of a motion” When the member rises to speak and promises to make a motion, but has some preliminaries to say.
11) Programs. E.g. watching a movie, listening to music, and I suppose, other non-deliberative entertainments.
12) Explanation of a pending, undebatable motion. Brief statement of fact about why we gotta adjourn. Otherwise, it’d be against the rules to say, “The game starts in 10, we gotta adjourn”
13) Hearings. This is something that happens in committees. The committee calls people before it to talk. People can talk without a motion pending. Only committee members have a right to talk.
14) Recess. Temporary break in meeting. Talking between the meeting not governed by any particular parliamentary procedure. Same for just before and after the meeting.
15) Adjournment. Discussion between meetings, which can be subject to condo & HOA rules.


Effective Twitter for the Polyglot Wanna-be

Here are some principles:

Create one account per language. I mute people who tweet in too many languages. Don’t abuse your audience’s attention. Now reread this principle and translate it into all the languages you know. This is one top item that ruins the twitter experience when it comes to foreign languages. Exceptions would be Swedish/English or Tagalog/English where bilingualism is the norm. But Swedish/Chinese is still stupid.

Be a poseur. Google translate exists, use it. It’s better to cheat and use google translate than to never interact with people on twitter. When you interact with people, your brain takes communication seriously. This is powerful stuff. If Google translate gets you to read and interact more, go for it. Your reading skills will improve. Your motivation will improve. Don’t hold an aesthetic disapproval of google translate hold you back.

Use google translate effectively. Fix all the errors you can find in the google translate before you post it. If you don’t get “this feels right,” then try different English until it looks right. Simplify.  If you know zero of your target language, this might not work– I haven’t tried it. It works best if you know just enough of the language to have a feel for what looks right.

Follow a lot of people. Follow 500 to 1000 accounts. Turn off the retweets or a stream that large is unmanageable. Anyone tweeting 50,000 tweets over a small number of years needs to be followed & muted. They are good for interaction but will flood your feed.

Mute! Mute! Mute! If they tweet-flood: mute ‘em. If they tweet in 5 languages, mute ‘em. If they know language X (which you care about), but only tweet in Y, mute ‘em. They won’t know they have been muted, but will still be able to interact with you should they ever follow you. Think about it, the Esperantist that tweets only (or 98%) in Chinese: they want to be muted, don’t consider it rude. If you don’t want to be muted, see principle #1, one language per account.

Schedule conversation starters. Don’t schedule low quality content like proverbs, inspirational quotes and other crap. Instead tweet questions, jokes and so on. When I tweet on my professional account, there are lots of organic reasons that I want to write something. For language this or that, unless I’m traveling, I got nothing driving my chatter, so I need something else to keep things moving forward.

Don’t cross post from facebook. Invariably this leads to the content getting cut in half or worse, it’s a bare link, the lowest quality tweet possible.

Hold back on the meta. It is tedious to listen to people talk about how well they speak language X, or how many they know, or so on. Do talk about linguistic musings, funny observations, etc.  Don’t tweet too much about twitter.

Dancing around the real advice

Eat more fiber? Only plants have fiber.
Eat less saturated fat? There are only a handful of exotic plants that have palatable saturated fats, palm, palm kernel and coconut. Otherwise, it’s only in animal products.
Eat less cholesterol? Only animal products have cholesterol. The body can regulate it’s own cholesterol.
Too much iron? Only animal products have heme iron which the body can’t regulate.
Hormonal imbalances? Only animal products have hormones similar enough to our own to disrupt our endocrine system.
Eat more fruits and vegetables? At only 100 calories per lb, these are displacing many animal products, but they sure aren’t made of animals.

I think science is just picking up on all the qualities of animal products, but the researchers, either addicted to meat and gluttons for more are unable to bring themselves to a conclusion that the optimal amount of animal products in the diet is zero.

Get the most Amtrak freebies via Amtrak Guest Rewards (AGR)

Strategy #1. Just get that price down.

Use AmSnagAmSnag finds all the cheap tickets, often late at night.
Joint NARP. 10% discount when you can’t find a better one, AGR points on sign up.
Joint Student Advantage. 10%-20% Amtrack discounts and other “junk” discounts
Sales. The sales are relentless, all over the place and hard to exploit.
Don’t travel so far. If you’re in DC, go to Philly instead of NYC.
Travel at night. If you can bear it.

Strategy #2. Rack up points, get free rides.

Join a signup “cabal” - Find a current member who will “refer” you to AGR. Hope someone pays the favor forward to you someday. Here is one that favors people who hang out at a particular Amtrak Forum
Ride the Train. You earn points based on dollars spent. So the incentive is to buy expensive tickets, not just tickets with high price to mileage ratios.
Points Transfers/Buy points. Get points in one program, and transfer them to AGR.
Amtrack Points cards. UPDATE. Bank of America offers 2 flavors of Credit Cards linked to AGR. One gets you a companion ticket for $80 a year plus points for spending, the other is just points for spending.  I may have to write a whole article on this to even touch on all the relevant knowledge points.
Join NARP. You get AGR points related to how much you donate.
Cashback Cards - Straight cash might be worth more than transferred points.
Points for Hotels, Car Rental and other services. These feel like junk discounts. Except the electricity sign up. That looks like a good deal if you were planning to sign up for wind energy anyhow.

Breville BES920XL, Part 4.

This is my third review, but now with a better grinder and no pressurized portafilter:

  1. – Shopping
  2. – Just Arrived
  3. – Down the learning curve

And now I have a new grinder. With the new grinder, coffee is ground fine enough that it visibly clumps. With the non-pressurized basket, it reaches 9 bars of pressure, right in the correct range. Espresso shots now look like espresso shots, about the right volume and similarity to mouse tails. I’m going to have to learn how dial in a shot, if I drink the espresso straight, it’s a bit sour at the moment.

Mornings, I’ve been making Vegan Lattes. Only soy so far can steam with any similarity to dairy milk. On the other hand, if you really don’t like bubbles, it’s a feature, not a defect! It’s almost a flat white!

Since there is enough crema to notice, I’ve notice that if I pour the milk right, the crema layer doesn’t break and stays intact until the top. I’ve watched the video on how to do fancy pouring, but I don’t have enough microfoam to work with.

One of the features of the BES920XL is the double boiler. There are a few time metrics that baristas mention on YouTube:

  • Time the espresso sits after finishing pulling it (The espresso’s flavor and odor is volatile and evaporates quickly)
  • Time the milk spends after leaving the fridge (else the milk warms up)
  • Time from when the shot starts until you start drinking your coffee (else you get cold coffee)

A double boiler brings helps shrink these times, but you have to multitask and watch several things at once. I’ve started steaming as soon as I hit the 2 cup button.

In the evenings, I make “Foggy Bombay”, which is steamed milk & decaf chai tea.  The Mrs prefers Foggy Bombays.

The toddler prefers to drink steamed milk straight from the pitcher right after it get steamed. I was sort of surprised, but it makes sense, steamed milk is not far off body temperature and that’s what babies and toddlers are used to.

The espresso at the office got worse. I finally noticed that the espresso pods at the office have stale coffee and are pulling over extracted espresso by last quarter of the pull. Sigh. But, on the plus side, creamer fixes everything. I can’t detect any defects in espresso con panna.

Next, I will learn how to use all those programmable buttons to adjust temperature and other fine tunings.

Second Impressions of Breville BES920XL

My new grinder is on order, so I’ve been using the pressurized baskets. I can get a reliable drinkable shot, but it doesn’t much resemble the one the La Marzocco one at La Mano makes.  On average 2 shots is stronger than my usual 1 teaspoon of instant & 1 shot at the office.

I’ve made steamed milk with almond, coconut and soy milk. So far, soy milk performs the best. I’m pretty sure this is a protein thing– only soy milk has the high protein levels you find in cows milk. I don’t have a suitable wet rag for the steam wand. I’ve been trying to use wet paper towel, but that hurts the fingers most of the time.

The toddler likes drinking the steamed milk. For the afternoons and evenings, I’ve been making decaf chai with steamed milk.

The instructions report a 15 minute warm up time. I have no idea what they are talking about. That must be the warm up time in the dead of winter in a cold house. In DC in the summer, it warms up in what seems like 5 minutes.

The top warms up dramatically, but so far I haven’t achieved warm coffee cups. I’m wondering if this is a silly sales man story. “Buy this $$$ machine, and hey it will warm your cups if you set them on top!” But now that the tanks are insulated and the machine, sensibly, shuts off after an hour or two, your cups don’t warm up. I happen to have some metal espresso cups, so I’m going to see if they warm up faster than the ceramic ones.

So far, I would say the machine is performing at expectations. One the new grinder gets here, I’m optimistic it will surpass expectations

First Impressions BES920XL Breville Espresso Machine

So I followed the instructions and fired it up with help from my 2.5 year old assistant barrista.

Incompatible Grinder
This must be why Breville sells an espresso maker with a built in grinder, at least they can tune that machine to work well with that built in grinder. But that isn’t the machine I bought.

My Capresso Infinity grinder can’t grind coffee fine enough for this machine, Seattle Coffee’s online description agrees. I have no idea how my older Gaggia Baby was doing it, I suspect that when it was creating coffee with crema, it was because the portafilter basket holes were clogged & it was creating an accidental pressurized basked. Pressurized baskets have only 1 tiny hole open, which compensates for coarse grind or tamping problems. Or the Gaggia’s portafiliter was secretly a pressurized system all along– don’t know.

With what I thought was a fine grind, when suitably tamped, trimmed, etc, results in a shot that pulls in ~ 10 seconds, always less than 1 or 2 atmospheres, sort of like a rushed pour over. A single shot overflowed the cup. The taste was not as bad as the stale coffee, but sure wasn’t like visiting the local espresso shop.

Stale Coffee
With the pressurized basket you can get crema from ground, not obviously stale coffee. But the espresso machine brings out the stale flavor notes. The previous day I’d made drinkable drip coffee with this ground coffee & running it through the espresso machine made it undrinkable.

I haven’t tried my good coffee with the pressurized portafilter, but I will report back tomorrow.

Steamed Milk
The milk steamer does fine. I had almond milk, which I didn’t have great hopes for, it creates a small amount of foam. The proper vegan espresso milk is Soy, I’m guessing a *high protein* soy, but I haven’t confirmed. Anyhow, I was fresh out, so I’ll have to report back later.

“Razor Trimmer”
This struck me as sort of a training device, so you can learn how not to overfill the portafilter basket. I doubt it makes a detectable difference unless it is grossly under or over dosed.

Anyhow, until I get the grind right, no point in working with the other tunable settings, like temperature and so on.

Espresso Machine Shopping: The Decision

(Note, I haven’t received my new machine yet, so this isn’t a review yet!)

I used to own a Baby Gaggia. I probably didn’t descale it at the right intervals, and even if I did, it appears that semi-automatic machines in general last about 4 or so years.  This machine worked for several years before it started to leak around the brew head (youtube says this is probably a bad gasket, they wear out). Also, flow dropped to about nothing. It returned after descaling, but then about a week later, no flow again. Forums suggest that this might have been bits of aluminum from the descaling clogging up the downstream holes and pipes.  The internet also says, of the three materials for tanks, aluminum, brass and stainless steel, aluminum corrodes the worst and fastest and is the most difficult to descale without damaging the tank.

Aluminum also accumulates in the brain and is associated with dementia. I’ve already eliminated all other sources of aluminum from my diet and environment, so I can’t really justify repairing this machine if it’s going to be putting aluminum flakes into my coffee. I don’t think I want to repair and sell it either. So with a heavy heart, it’s going to landfill.

What to get instead?

I got a bit of analysis paralysis. In order of complexity, here is what I considered:

Caffeine pills. I got a jar in the cupboard. I really only use them in emergencies.
Instant coffee. Reminds me of Europe, otherwise, not much to report.
Greek coffee. This is cooked in a pan on the stove. Never tried it, seems like it would be gritty.
French press. Too strong. My press is a bit broke and now I have try to filter it or deal with great gobs of grit.
Moka pot. Too strong. I don’t like the powder at the bottom of the cup.
Espresso from a cheap machine (those $50 ones). I used one like this for years. I think it was mostly ruining perfectly good coffee.
Another $400 espresso machine. These give you three or four variables to work with- beans, grind, tamp, pull time and that is about it. You get little feed back about if it is too hot, too cold, over pressure or what have you. These only have one year warranty and seem to have a lot of problems as if corners are being universally cut and the machines are trying to do something their parts are made for.
A step above that, which is something like a Breville BES920XL, which is what I ultimately chose, ~$1200 after discounts.
After that is the superautomatics that grind and brew coffee and steam milk on the press of one button. That’s boring. And those machines break down a lot as witnessed by the large number of superautomatics that are on sale as refurbished.

At the time, I was reading the Self Illusion, a book that reminds me that our brain is less unified than it seems. Parts of our brains make decisions and the conscious, internal monologue part *rationalizes* it, comes up with reasons to support a decision made by the non-rational part of the brain.

My toddler *loves* the coffee machine, especially the numerous steps to make coffee. He is going to really like the BES920XL. So maybe that was the clincher for my unconscious decider.

People are repairing the machine. This means if it breaks, repair costs are low enough to warrant getting it fixed. One website implied a repair of a semiautomatic could run ballpark $150-$200, or about 1/2 to 1/4 the price of a new machine. So if it’s similar for a BES920XL, then in 3 or 5 years, I’ll just pay $200, get it repaired and it will run for another 5 years.
The machine comes with 2 years warranty. Amex extends that by a year. I ultimately bought it from Seattle Coffee, which also extends the warranty by a year, so I’m sort of double warrantied for the 3rd year.

Who to Buy From

I considered Macy’s, William Sonoma, Amazon, and Seattle Coffee. Macy’s offers Plenti points, which would have been worth around $30, but I couldn’t get a 10% discount. William Sonoma offered a 10% discount if I joined the mailing list.

Amazon offers via 3rd parties and one of them, iDrinkCoffee, was like $300 under the rest. It turns out that iDrinkCoffee is in Canada, which normally is fine, but that means me, an American, would have to pay around $80 in import taxes, $30 in currency conversion fees for Amex, (or $0 with Discover, but Discover doesn’t extend warranties.) Speaking of warranty, machines bought in Canada sometimes (always?) have to be serviced in Canada. And it turns out that electricity is a bit different in the US vs Canada, so the machine might actually be different– I have no idea about that tho. In short, I decided I couldn’t go with Canada.

I also decided to not get a damaged box unit from Amazon– it was $100s less, but was either no warranty or a few month warranty. So that was out.

When 1/5 of the reviews are people discussing breakdowns and repairs (I’m talking about all coffee machines, not just Breville) it follows we should take warranties serious.

I finally chose Seattle Coffee.  I tried to get the 10% discount, but instead got a 5% discount. It felt sort of like haggling with a machine. Seattle Coffee also offered a lot of freebies, like $100 gift card, free shipping, and so on.  Another deciding factor was the Seattle Coffee youtube vids– go watch them, they are obligatory for any modern coffee shopper– this isn’t a bottle of caffeine pills your buying here, there are a bunch of knowledge points you need to pick and use a machine.

I’ll be financing it with Amex. I happen to have just opened an Amex account, so I get free credit for 1 year. I wanted to create a sinking fund to pay it off, but the bank is offering 0.01% interest. That isn’t 1 percent, that is 1 percent of 1 percent interest.  So a sinking fund would get me about 12c. Other banks offer 1%, whoo! Fortunately the stockmarket tanked, so maybe I’ll buy $1200 of stocks.

Anyhow, it should arrive in a few days, so I’ll have an excuse to blog again.

Small Donor Charity Strategies

No Charities
As an individual, no donation I make makes a noticeable difference, ie. it’s all rounding errors.

But, if everyone though so, no one would donate and the small donor part of charities funding would evaporate and that would make a difference.

One Charity
Economies of scale and transaction costs favor giving one big chunk of money to one charity, this minimizes the amount of money wasted on administration and marketing.

If charity == uncoordinated wealth redistribution, then it doesn’t matter who gets the money (but by this reasoning, it doesn’t matter how many recipients either)

“Selfish” charities (giving only to your own community, alma matter, family, kids, or donating to the public library or museum that you use) favors giving to fewer charities, the more organizations you give to, the less and less likely that those donations will positively impact you.

Many Charities
Membership == political clout. If I care about chimp rights and voting rights, if I only contribute to chimp rights, congress thinks I don’t care about farm animal rights. I should split up my contributions to give each group head count.

I don’t know which charities are effective, give money to many charities to maximize the odds that one of them is effective.

Some charities are funded mostly by small donors and care what the small donors think, others are funded mostly by large donors and presumably care less about what small donors think.

Fewer Charities
Obviously some charities should be eliminated from consideration because they are too small to make a difference with that money or put it to significant use (the 6 member animal right group at a community college), or because they squander it on administrative and marketing costs.

A point that doesn’t fit in– charities with low “leverage” shouldn’t get as much money. If you give money to feed children, it creates positive effects for their family, siblings, etc. College scholarships for the middle class, generate benefits for one person– the effects don’t spread far.

Tipping points. Smoking is mostly a won battle. Sort of. Gay rights are at a tipping point. In the US, veganism is far from a tipping point, but in England and German, it might be close to a tipping point. Small donations make the best impact on issues near a tipping point, where the whole of society is about to change their mind, and just needs a $20 shove. Or 100,000 $20 shoves.