Software Development Book Club

Back in 2011, I ran a software development book club… now in 2018, I find no trace of it anymore! I can even remember writing up a summary of these books, can’t find it. I think it got lost in the great WordPress unicode-upgrade disaster.

The Cathedral & the Bazaar (kindle $9.40, available used really cheap), 241pp
http://amzn.to/fuQrjn

Dreaming in Code (Kindle 8.90, used really cheap) pp416
http://amzn.to/gIwPIW

Joel On Software, Vol 0. by Joel Spolsky (kindle $14, used $6) pp384
http://amzn.to/hXtuip

Paul Graham’s Hackers and Painters (Kindle $10, used $7), 272pp
http://amzn.to/ej9MDF

Coders at Work: Reflections on the Craft of Programming (Kindle $14, Used $4) 632pp
http://amzn.to/gJ86GO

Code: The Hidden Language of Computer Hardware and Software , Charles Petzold — paper only, cheap used.
http://amzn.to/gyRkVk

Start Small, Stay Small: A Developer’s Guide to Launching a Startup Kindle $20 Kindle Only? pages?
http://amzn.to/gVVg9x

The soul of a new machine 320pp, paper only. Cheap
http://amzn.to/enQlgB

Hansson & Fried: Rework (Kindle $9, used $12) 288pp
http://amzn.to/gMaK1q

“Patterns of Software: Tales From the Software Community” by Richard Gabriel (Kindle $10, used $2), 256pp
http://amzn.to/dU0oc7

The Eudaemonic Pie, Paper only, Real cheap
http://amzn.to/hbmBpC

The Passionate Programmer, Paper only $16 200pp
http://amzn.to/gMeMg0

The Pragmatic Programmer (Kindle $30, Paper $20) 352pp
http://amzn.to/emBHXT

In The Beginning was the Command Line, 160pp
http://amzn.to/fjhF88

Producing Open Source Software by Karl Fogel (Kindle $10, also on web for free at producingoss.com.)
http://amzn.to/fa3xb5

The Mythical Man Month (Fred Brooks) Kindle $16, used $11, 336pp
http://amzn.to/gwoIdL

Myths of Innovation (Scott Berkun) Kindle $10, used real cheap, 256pp
http://amzn.to/dJQhM8

“Gets Things Done”… This suggestion is either the alpha geek’s productivity system or Joel Spolksy Smart and Gets Things Done, a book on how to hire software developers

GTD 267pp
http://amzn.to/eAvVpz

S and GTD 182p
http://amzn.to/h70gEw

Saving Money

Some things I’ve done to save money as a middle class family:

Pays off soon
- aggressively cut monthly/annual service bills. If I feel pain, I’ll sign back up
- opened interest bearing savings accounts, picks up a few bucks a year since interest rates are so low
- Slow down shopping in general
- Switch to “free” points based travel & local domestic travel instead of cross country or international
- move more spend into 3%/4%/5% bonus credit cards

One Offs
- paid off credit cards that had been run up due to travel & buying a car
- run lower cash balances in general (which allows for paying off credit card bills)
- sign up for credit cards with bonuses, sign up for new bank with sign up bonus
- Signed up for t-mobile One, which at the moment lets you combine netflix & tmobile into one bill, which in net was cheaper for me. YMMV
- Aggressively cut payroll deductions. I had 1 or 2 that was merely nice to have.

Pays off some day
- Pay off mortgage at at about $50 extra per month.

How I play the credit card game

Credit card companies make all merchants pay a fee. This fee can be higher or lower, but if a merchant accepts one Visa, they must accept all Visas, even though the fee might be higher. Banks then charge higher fees and pass some percent to the credit card holder as a cash back bonus, travel reward, etc. This drive up prices for all the other consumers. So if you don’t play the game, there is a transfer of wealth from non-rewards card users to card users.

Strategy:

Get 5% back on all large categories.
Get “free” Hotel and Rail trips because the reward rate is pretty good for Hotels and Rail companies who don’t pay money out of pocket when I use a reward and take up a hotel room that might have been empty anyhow.

My Game:
My game is optimized to me in that
- I don’t drive much (gasoline cards not so important)
- I like to take rail vacations
- I eat out
- I shop too much on Amazon
- I drive a Chevy Malibu and will likely get another in 3 years, or a Chevy Volt. Or a Hybrid Equinox if they’d just do it already.
- My non-category spend is enough to offset a few credit card fees.

Category Spend
Capitol One Savor – 4% on restaurants. I got lucky and got the card before they started charing an annul fee.
Chase Amazon Prime – 5% on Whole Food & Amazon
American Express Cash Preferred – 6% on groceries. Has annual fee, so effective works out to closer to 3% or 4%
US Bank Cash Plus – 5% on a category of your choice, but restricted to a list. I plan to use mine for Cell Phone bills. Two phones with a data plan can easily run $1000+ a year.

Non-category Spend
It feels like the annual fee cards rack up points fast enough to offset the fee. Of course if you have $0 spend, then this is not true.
Amex Hilton Card – Annual Fee, seems to rack up points at a good clip. Ignoring bonuses, I figure I can get a
Bank of America Amtrak – Annual Fee. I rack up Amtrak points faster than I can use them.
Chase Freedom Unlimited – 1.5% back. I may let this one idle and get a Citi card instead which is 2%.
Capitol One BuyPower Card – 5% towards a new GM car.

Specific Stores
Lowes 5%, Target 5% and Ikea all got store specific money back cards- if you got credit score to burn (and having too many cards doesn’t seem to affect your score too much).

Altogether, this is $500 – $1000 a year of banks just “giving” me stuff for “free”.  But … is it?

Fee hotel cards are sort of like prepaying a hotel night.
Fee rail cards are sort of like prepaying part of a rail ticket.

And part of me knows that some of these rewards are paid by people who are in difficult financial situations and have run up huge credit card bills and are somehow paying them down. So use credit responsibly, don’t play the game if you aren’t going to use credit for what is best use for: occasionally running a balance around the time of huge expenses so as to preserve cash for emergencies. For that I tend to use balance transfers to Discover Card, which used to be charging around 4 to 5%. I figured it was simpler to pay money that to try to catch a 0% promotional and risk making a mistake leading to a 10%-14%-20%-25% interest rate.

Lotto vs Keno vs Pick 3 vs Racetrax for winning $50,000

All my comments are specifically about DC and Maryland lotto, but the games are broadly similar state to state. Private casinos are a different story- when you lose at a casino you are : paying Nevada’s taxes, enriching billionaires, paying for an “entertaining place to hang out”, which calls for a different strategy.

Big Prize Lotto
Lotto is a game about possibilities. It is worth a buck to create the possibility of being a millionaire. However, if you play that bet, make sure you actually have the human capital to manage that much money. Otherwise, you’d be better off playing a game that offers a more human maximum payoff.

Big prize lotto’s prize is too big & odds of winning too small. Anything more than a few bucks bet is just throwing money away, might as well just write a check to the state.

The difference between betting a $1 and $150 is so small your human brain can’t measure it. Why should anyone pay $149 for an immeasurably small increase in your odds of winning?

Keno
Keno feels like a better game when you play it, but that is because it is a hybrid bet. You are making about 6 bets, some of which routinely pay off small amounts and a few that are lousy odds compared to the other available games.

Keno is entertaining only because some keno bets are worse than others and it takes some computing power to rank them. But once you are done ranking, you’d be better off playing Pick 3, or if in DC or Maryland, Racetrax.

Think of it this way: if someone asked you if you wanted to bet $1 for the possibility of winning $5, you’d say, “I don’t have the time to be bothered”. But we play keno and win $5 and think we’re doing something right because we got some positive feedback. It completely masks that Keno’s big prize of $50,0000 has a odds of like 1 in 8 million, worse than/as bad big prize Lotto games.

Pick 3
Pick three is the simplest game to make a bet that has a human scale. Bet 100 on 1 to 1000 odds to win $50000. That is enough to pay off a car, a down payment on a house, a semester or two at college, or enough to pay for a fraction of end-of-life cancer care.

If you lose, just consider that your Maryland State tax bill was $100 higher.

If you are in a state like Massachusetts, they have parimutuel betting. I suspect this means if you play unpopular numbers, you will maximize the odds of winning the highest possible payout.

Racetrax
Racetrax is like Pick 3, except you need to look up in a complicated table which bet is the equivalent of a 1 in 1000 bet. Once you find the bet at the odds you like, the payout rate is higher than in pick 3, so you’d to win 50,000 you’d only need.

Racetrax (and horse racing in general) makes it easy to make combo-bets. Don’t do it- you’ll turn a good game into Keno- a combo bet where some of the bets pay off, but your odds of winning the big ticket prize is minimized.

I like Racetrax for two reasons:

- You can pick the odds you like – you want a 1 in 2000 bet? You can find it. You can’t do that with pick 3.
- It is a substitute for gambling on live horses. Most animal husbandry involves more slaughter than you’d guess, so betting on digital horses involves less animal exploitation. [That said, I don't have any data-- it could be a complement, i.e. people who enjoy betting on digital horse might move on to betting on live horse races]

Living longer, beyond the basic protocols

So, I’m a big fan of Dr. Gregor “How not to die“, which is essentially how to fight the big killers of our day with a plant based diet. The premise is rather plausible. Whether you have a cultural aversion or proclivity towards plant based diets or not, the advice for heart disease, diabetes, kidney failure and cancer are all very similar- as if they were one disease. In Japan they call it metabo. The advices you get tend to be don’t smoke, drink booze or eat sugar/white carbohydrates. Eat a wide variety of plants, including whole grains, nuts, seeds, etc.

Now if you survive those on average you’ll live ~13 years longer. In other words, if you follow the protocol right, you die in your 90s instead of somewhere between your 60s and low 80s. To live longer than that without a protocol, you need parents you gave you an unusually excellent genetic structure.

So I now follow such a protocol and I’m reading up on what is going to happen. I should now avoid most typical health crises. [On a side note, I suspect that some countries full of bad habits like smoking and drinking live longer because their public health system helps people get past crises, e.g. surviving heart attacks through better CPR instead of better diet and exercise!] But how is the quality of life doing? Obviously no one wants 13 extra years of Alzheimer’s and disability. [I'm not talking about quality of life in the sense of the joys of smoking, getting drunk and eating meat at every meal- I'm okay with skipping those.]

There is some evidence that a plant based diet will help prevent some version of dementia, i.e. those cause by excessive metals (often derived from animal products), vascular dementias (where your brain vessels fail just like your heart vessels fail in heart disease).

Improving late life health starts to move us into some areas other than plant based diet.

Fasting/Calorie reduction strategies. This TED talk summarized the Fasting Mimicking Diet as a way to trigger alternate metabolic pathways that encourage old cells to die, be replace by new stem-cell derived cells. It appears to be a built-in means for all animals to respond to famine. Us humans can use it to trick our body into post-famine regeneration, except we use it to slow the rate of aging.

It is possible that plant based diets do the same thing as periodic fasting or lifetype fasting. A periodic fast denies everyone of possibly harmful foods, like candy and meat. [Thought experiment, what if our diet was cocaine, heroin and Taco Bell food-- any one week fast would give you body a chance to heal & you'd feel better, not because of fasting, but because you aren't eating cocaine and heroin and if that harm reduction was better than the benefit you got from Taco Bell food, you'd benefit from a fast. On the other hand, merely skipping healthy food might not have any useful benefit]

Also, a plant based diet will restrict your maximum intake of calories (plant based food is just less calorie dense and harder to binge on), restrict your methionine (a protein associated with accelerated aging), metals like copper & iron (insufficient and you are anemic, but too much and it accumulates in the brain- it is harder to overdose on plant based iron).

Heartbeat slowing. The best way to achieve this is by exercise. The downside is that any let up in your exercise protocol sends you back to your pre-exercise levels in about two weeks.

Sleep, Exercise. This is using a cardiovascular exercise program and extra sleep to fight dementia on the theory that dementia is caused when our brain can’t move waste out of our brains fast enough, because our circulation is bad or because we aren’t sleeping enough. Cerebral waste is only removed when your sleeping.

Falling. What kills 90 year olds, aside from dementia and the results of metabolic syndrome  [i.e. diabetes, CHD, etc] is falling in the shower. So if you think you will live to 90 and want to live to 99, you need to have a strategy in place to avoid falling. I notice in my own behavior everyday cases where I do something risky and stumble, but I don’t fall because I got quick reflexes. And if I did fall, I’d just get a bruise. I have to break this bad habit now because when I’m 90, I’m probably going have fully ossified bad habits, like not holding on to rails, standing on one leg in the shower, etc.

 

Business Travel

So I find myself doing business travel. I’m prone to overthinking things and I have just finished overthinking hotels, so here are my opinions & thoughts.

A hotel is the basics (a bed, not far from an office) and a bunch of amenities, many of which don’t matter because you’re on business travel.

Here are things I care about:

- Beauty. I’m having to travel away from home and family, pleasant surroundings isn’t too much to ask for.
- Stars as a proxy for not having bed bugs, not having surly staff, having working plumbing. 3 starts is suitable for business (i.e. few hassle risks), 4 stars is sometimes outside of my per diem, 5 stars is usually outside my per diem. 1 & 2 stars is for tourists willing to take risks and 5 stars start to include a bunch of amenities that are for the super rich on leisure travel, e.g. concierge service.
- Wifi. Is it free and not crippled and not to painful to connect to?
- Power at the desk. There should be enough plugs and USB power is a nice touch.
- Are they close to the subway and the office? This isn’t hard in NYC. Everything is close to a subway.
- Are they close to vegan restaurants? Oddly, if I’m too close to the office, I’m too far from vegan restaurants, in part because it’s just a bunch of over priced steak houses in the high rent district where office buildings are.
- Are they union? I prefer going to union hotels. In NYC, you can check, but it appears that almost all hotels are union.
- Are they green? It seems like Green hotels tend to be big chains. They have the time and money to get certified, but few hotel directories filter by “green” or what green happens to mean- it could be a certification, a LEED building or trivial towel policies, which are often not followed by the staff anyhow.
- Does my company like them? My company doesn’t like all hotels. They like certain large chains and certain boutique hotels. I don’t know why, but I suspect it has to do with deposit and refunds.
- Do I get points? I happen to get points via Hilton Honors, but my company only likes one Hilton property. I find this mystifying.
- What does the desk look like? Weirdly many hotels have “purse stand” desks that would be too small to actually sit and write code or compose emails.
- Can I get video content from my laptop to the TV? No one advertises what sort of HDMI plugs they take or if it is accessible from a laptop (or is it like 6 feet up a wall)
- Do they have a decent iPod doc? I don’t like TV when I’m working, but I don’t always like dead silence.
- Does the AC keep the room cold at night? This sort of gets in the way of being green, but when you travel, you want every trick in the book to stay healthy and not get so worn out that your mind if fuzzy.
- Gym? Really, I just want to be able to 15 minutes of fixed weight exercises without a TV in the background. Having to track down a neighborhood gym & get a day pass is too burdensome.
- Receipts. Gimmie a proper receipt and email me one and make it easy to get one from the website. Don’t make me have to call you.
- Huge initial charges that they reduce to the actual. This scares the hell out of me every time they do it. I want to see the negotiated price at all times, not some stupid “charge a lot and adjust later in-case they don’t have enough on their credit card or if they use the fridge snacks”
- A fridge for restaurant leftovers. I’ve had to put my leftovers over the air conditioner because the fridge was full of overpriced crap that my company’s policy will not reimburse.
- Pool. I’m torn on this one because I’m not sure I’d have time to actually use it, but it would work instead of a Gym visit.

Amenities that are not amenities in NYC.
- Coffee. There is better coffee a block away. I can’t fault them for offering something tho, because for everyone else, something is better than nothing.
- Restaurant. Why should I eat at a restaurant with one expensive vegan option when there are six all vegan restaurants in walking distance?
- Breakfast. Why would I want to try to cobble together a vegan breakfast from a buffet when there is a better one a block away?
- Room service. Why would I want overpriced food with few or unimpressive vegan options when there is
- Minifridge stuff. Drives me up the wall to see this, it’s like asking someone if they want to be mugged in return for booze or candy.
- Extra room in a suite. Not sure what I’d do with that room unless it was a kitchenette.

Amenities I wish (more) Hotels offered
- An empty mini fridge.
- Effortless way(s) to connect laptop to the TV
- Wifi authentication that lasts for the duration of your stay.
- websites and apps, although what features are killer features I’m not sure yet.
- something else, but I’m not sure what. I’m just pretty sure no one is bringing their dog with them on a business trip (yes, that is one of the filters on my search website, which I imagine has a 100% business clientele)
- some way to know if you are looking out at a wall, park or street or city scape.
- effortless early check in (I hate having to wait til 3) or a locked place to leave my luggage until 3.

Things that hotels think I care about as a business traveller:
- PC/Fax/Photocopier center. I wouldn’t want to be bother with trying to get this reimbursed if it wasn’t automatically included.
- Conference room. Well, I guess it matters if I was a *conference* organizer.
- Meeting rooms. I guess if the sign up was low friction. I’ve never needed one.

Anyhow, what comes to mind for business travel is a bedroom with an office with the sort of office things you might get at a WeWork, a company that provides office space to freelancers.

Guam Notes

When I travel, I travel for the food. There are two vegan restaurants on the island, both are 7th Day Adventists establishments. It’s good American homestyle cooking. Each one has a special of the day and once a week, the special of the day is Chamorro food. Prices are about 1.5 to 2.5 times more expensive that the similar meal on land, i.e. $15 to $25 depending on if you just get a base meal and drink or if you get a meal, sides, dessert and the works. If you want to avoid the frustration of finding the one sad vegan item at the few conventional restaurants with a vegan item, then just go to Simply Foods and Heavenly Veggies every day– it’s something different everyday anyhow.

You can get soy milk, vegan butter at conventional grocery stores. Simply Foods has a small health-food grocery shop, but it is pricy. Everything else is a nutritional field of landmines, the food groups are salty sacks, sugary deserts and meat products.

The Guam Premiere Outlet mall has a Mongolian Barbecue that will let you pick veggies, tofu and sauce to be fried up. We tried to find a vegan friendly Vietnamese restaurant because the Mrs had fond memories of spring rolls wrapped in lettuce leaves and rice, sort of like a “vietnamese taco”, but alas, it was frustrating finding restaurant staff that understood the question and weren’t outright hostile to a vegetarian request.

For cell phone service, we got a sim card for the unlocked phone we had. Two other phones in our travel group didn’t work with the sim card because they were locked. It works out to $20 a week, which is not bad. If I use my regular sim card, it would be international phone rate all the time. Surprisingly, because I use T-mobile which uses wifi when connected to wifi, I didn’t get charged extra for wifi calls.

What’s up with all the massage shops? There are more massage shops on Guam that seems to be economically viable. Legit massage is for people with back-pain, athletes and rich people who want a quiet meditative experience while on vacation to contrast with their chaotic work life in the office. But there is a massage shop in every shopping center, many offering 24 hour service. Clearly these are massage/sex shops, a bit of googling confirms it. The Mrs won’t let me do further investigative journalism. As far as I can tell it is officially illegal but tolerated, I suspect because it is mostly non-local sex workers. It is too bad the local government doesn’t go ahead and legalize it. As long as it is illegal, there is serious risk of labor law abuse.

Hotels. The luxury hotels on Guam are architectural and engineering marvels. They are 20+ stories have to stand up to typhoon winds, earthquakes and depending on location, flooding. We are staying with family for 1/2 a month, but will be going to the Westin for a night. We have kids, so we had to get our room by talking to a human. We finally got a single king size bed for the four of us (two adults, a toddler and a baby), for $250. If you try to reserve online, it says a room for the same costs $850 and demands that the toddler and baby get their own queen beds, which is just stupid.

Climate and exercise. I can last about 15 minutes outside doing virtually sedentary activities before I start to sweat profusely. I try to do calisthenics when I can in the house and walk in the morning. Some neighborhoods are entirely walkable with sidewalks. Some neighborhoods are entirely unwalkable because of the lack of sidewalks and extremely heavy car traffic.

Activities with Kids. You can do the beach, but in short bursts, because of the extreme heat and intense sun. If you go to the beach you might want so called “tabi” shoes, which allow you to walk in the water without fear of cutting your feet on the sharp coral, shells and rocks. There are three malls, so you can do mall walking, but it isn’t a very authentic or novel experience. There is a kids’ train you can ride on at Micronesia Mall.

Playgrounds exist, but in full sun, you don’t see any kids. In other neighborhoods, there isn’t even a playground. There is an indoor play area we haven’t tried yet “Playport” and one of the malls has a play area for the five-or-so and under kids.

Buying Authentic Stuff. Guam’s non-government, non-military economy is entirely tourism service oriented, so not much appears to be produced on the island. This doesn’t stop shops from slapping the letters g-u-a-m on all sorts of things from German wine to Wisconsin beer to Hawaiian macadamia nuts to African coffee. Some of the most authentic stuff is the deserts, pickles, breads, tortillas that you buy in the convenience stores.

I happened to need a haircut and there is a haircut shop at every shopping plaza. I got a military cut and the son got a haircut despite him freaking out.

City-vs-Jungle. On one half of the island, it is all low density urban. One half is essentially jungle, where you see wild pigs darting about and if you wait long enough monitor lizards, brown tree snakes, cane toads and other invasive monsters.

Coffee. Authentic coffee is canned coffee at the convenience store. There are Starbucks-like coffee stores, but few people know how to pull an espresso shot, invariably you get a barely tamped puck and overdrawn by a factor of two or three. I’m hoping I can find the competent espresso shop so I can say, “so and so” has the best coffee on the island. I’m planning to get some whole bean Kona coffee before I head home.

One good thing to get is Boba tea, a popular Taiwanese drink. There are several authentic Boba tea shops where you can get a combinatorial explosion of different variations on tea. Many of them are powdered flavors, but if you are clever you can get brewed tea, non-powdered soy milk, tapioca. I liked the red-bean Boba milk tea which they said was non-dairy and it very well might be.

 

 

Using FourSquare to (softly) Advocate for V*gan Restaurants

So I’m kind of bummed out by typical vegan advocacy on Twitter & Facebook:

Shop of horrors memes
Logical argument memes
Preaching to the choir
Pointless arguments with people unlikely to go veg

Foursquare is a venue where you can do “bellweather” advocacy. A bellweather is a sheep that leads the flock around, but if you weren’t paying attention, you wouldn’t notice and maybe the sheep don’t notice who the bellweather is either.

Foursquare has two parts, Foursquare and Swarm.  Foursquare is a restaurant directory like Yelp. I use it constantly when I travel or when I’m looking for new restaurants at home.

Swarm is a way to keep track of your real life friends checking in at restaurants– it creates more opportunities for serendipity. Unlike facebook, odds are your real life friends don’t use Swarm. But if they do, why not, at least it shows your friends you haven’t fallen off the wagen with respect to vegetarianism.

Follow Vegetarians
You can find them by looking for tips on vegetarians restaurants.

If you follow vegetarians, their endorsements shows up on all the search results when you search for a restaurant. If people follow you back, they will see all your endorsements of your favorite vegetarian restaurants.

Rate Vegetarian Restaurants
Non-vegetarians will go to a vegetarian restaurant if it has a good reputation.

Leave Vegetarian Tips
If you know how to goose a given restaurant into being vegetarian friendly, leave the tip. Most restaurateurs (or front line staff) are unaware of what vegetarianism is or what the point is. Learning the magical words necessary to goose them into compliance is gold. As vegetarians, we’ve all heard about the vegan who aggressively tells the waitress and chef how to cook vegan items that aren’t on the menu. But if you are them, what the magic word is to get them to leave off the f*ning cheese is a life saver. Does it work better to tell them you have a dairy allergy?

Mark your account as vegetarian.
It’s a checkbox in the profile. It seems to be used to improve recommendations & all restaurant profiles start to show “x out of y vegetarians like this place”

Nonauthoritative discussion of how to do discussion with Robert’s Rules

A key principle in Roberts Rules is that people can’t just talk when they feel like it.

1) At ease (meeting on hold, talk amongst yourselves)– this is for when Chair is consulting, looking up rules. Also for meeting breaks.
2) Talking with out pending motion (at chair’s sufferance or until point of order at which point a motion *must be made* or stop talking)
3) Move to read a document (“right to read”), member asks permission of assembly to read something
4) Officer and committee reports (opportunity to just talk, usually on regular agenda & favors officers, committees)
5) Guest reports  (opportunity for just anyone to talk like officers do.)
6) Small board rules (no limits on debate, may interrupt, other things)
7) Committee rules. (no limits on debate) May talk without a motion pending, in fact, if the whole point of a committee is to come up with a motion no motion will be pending. Also, if the point of a committee is to merely report, then again, no motion would be pending.
8) (Quasi) Committee of the whole (whole assembly/board acts as a committee temporarily). Ends as soon as a motion is adopted/ready to make a motion. (Quasi means chair stays the same)
9) Informal consideration (similar to small board rules, except still requires a motion to be under consideration?) Wikipedia says same as usual except no limit on # of times someone can speak to a topic. This is not as lax as the name sounds.
10) “Informal consultation to assist the framing of a motion” When the member rises to speak and promises to make a motion, but has some preliminaries to say.
11) Programs. E.g. watching a movie, listening to music, and I suppose, other non-deliberative entertainments.
12) Explanation of a pending, undebatable motion. Brief statement of fact about why we gotta adjourn. Otherwise, it’d be against the rules to say, “The game starts in 10, we gotta adjourn”
13) Hearings. This is something that happens in committees. The committee calls people before it to talk. People can talk without a motion pending. Only committee members have a right to talk.
14) Recess. Temporary break in meeting. Talking between the meeting not governed by any particular parliamentary procedure. Same for just before and after the meeting.
15) Adjournment. Discussion between meetings, which can be subject to condo & HOA rules.

 

Effective Twitter for the Polyglot Wanna-be

Here are some principles:

Create one account per language. I mute people who tweet in too many languages. Don’t abuse your audience’s attention. Now reread this principle and translate it into all the languages you know. This is one top item that ruins the twitter experience when it comes to foreign languages. Exceptions would be Swedish/English or Tagalog/English where bilingualism is the norm. But Swedish/Chinese is still stupid.

Be a poseur. Google translate exists, use it. It’s better to cheat and use google translate than to never interact with people on twitter. When you interact with people, your brain takes communication seriously. This is powerful stuff. If Google translate gets you to read and interact more, go for it. Your reading skills will improve. Your motivation will improve. Don’t hold an aesthetic disapproval of google translate hold you back.

Use google translate effectively. Fix all the errors you can find in the google translate before you post it. If you don’t get “this feels right,” then try different English until it looks right. Simplify.  If you know zero of your target language, this might not work– I haven’t tried it. It works best if you know just enough of the language to have a feel for what looks right.

Follow a lot of people. Follow 500 to 1000 accounts. Turn off the retweets or a stream that large is unmanageable. Anyone tweeting 50,000 tweets over a small number of years needs to be followed & muted. They are good for interaction but will flood your feed.

Mute! Mute! Mute! If they tweet-flood: mute ‘em. If they tweet in 5 languages, mute ‘em. If they know language X (which you care about), but only tweet in Y, mute ‘em. They won’t know they have been muted, but will still be able to interact with you should they ever follow you. Think about it, the Esperantist that tweets only (or 98%) in Chinese: they want to be muted, don’t consider it rude. If you don’t want to be muted, see principle #1, one language per account.

Schedule conversation starters. Don’t schedule low quality content like proverbs, inspirational quotes and other crap. Instead tweet questions, jokes and so on. When I tweet on my professional account, there are lots of organic reasons that I want to write something. For language this or that, unless I’m traveling, I got nothing driving my chatter, so I need something else to keep things moving forward.

Don’t cross post from facebook. Invariably this leads to the content getting cut in half or worse, it’s a bare link, the lowest quality tweet possible.

Hold back on the meta. It is tedious to listen to people talk about how well they speak language X, or how many they know, or so on. Do talk about linguistic musings, funny observations, etc.  Don’t tweet too much about twitter.